Since these grants were made only for the sake of public utilities, such as baths and fulleries, and since moreover the State profited from the tax paid into the public treasury. 29 In case of the 12âpipe, the error is not great, nor is its use frequent. He was well aware of the seminal work De architectura by Vitruvius, which mentions aqueduct construction and maintenance of the channels, published in the previous century. â Herschel. This branch has its intake at the sixth milestone, on the Praenestine Way, on a cross-road, â¢980 paces to the left, near the Collatian Way. 25 The same man, after his own third consulship, in the consulship of Gaius Sentius and Quintus Lucretius,37 twelve years after he had constructed the Julian aqueduct, also brought Virgo to Rome, taking it from the estate of Lucullus. The 120âpipe: 12Â digits plus 4⁄12Â plus 6⁄288Â in diameter; 38Â digits plus Â½Â plus 4⁄12Â in circumference; it has a capacity ofÂ 97Â quinariae plus Â½Â plus 3⁄12. The meaning of this sentence is clear, though not the construction. As for the vines and trees inside the enclosures of country-houses, structures or fences; as to the fences, which the commissioners after due process have exempted their owners from tearing down, and on which have been inscribed or carved the names of the commissioners who gave the permission â as to all these, nothing in this enactment prevents their remaining. But in both cases it will be necessary to exert great resistance to manifold forms of fraud. But the main conduit, which passes Spes Vetus, comes inside the e.g.Â an artificial basin made to receive the water at its source. Now in the case of other books which IÂ have written after practical experience, IÂ consulted the interests of my predecessors. The conventional interpretation of a very uncertain word. With them all water was delivered for the public use, and the law was as follows: "No private person shall conduct other water than that which flows from the basins to the ground" (for these are the words of the law); that is, water which overflows from the troughs; we call it "lapsed" water;124 and even this was not granted for any other use than for baths or fulling establishments; and it was subject to a tax, for a fee was fixed, to be paid into the Sextus Julius Frontinus (c. 40 - 103 AD) was one of the most distinguished Roman senators of the late 1st century AD. ), 96 Frontinus refers to the possible influence of Vitruvius on the plumbers.. The square digit is larger than the round digit byÂ 3⁄14Â of its own size, while the round is smaller than the square byÂ 3⁄11Â of its size, obviously because the corners are cut off.61. 85 Tables showing his adjustments, and a second set of tables, prepared by Herschel on the basis of BÃ¼cheler's figures, are given at the end of the book. The aggregate of what was lost either between the intake and the reservoir or downstream from the reservoir, was 2,499Â quinariae, the diversion of which, as in case of the other aqueducts, we discovered at several places. "The consuls, Quintus Aelius Tubero and Paulus Fabius Maximus, having made a report that some private parties take water directly from the public conduits, and having inquired of the Senate what it would please to order upon the subject, it has been resolved that it is the sense of this body: That it shall not be permitted to any private party to draw water from the public conduits; and all those to whom the right to draw water has been granted shall draw it from the reservoirs, the water-commissioners to direct at what points, within the City, private parties may suitably erect reservoirs for the purpose of drawing from them the water which they had received at the hand of the water-commissioner from some public reservoir; and no one of those to whom a right to draw water from the public conduits has been granted shall have the right to use a larger pipe than a quinaria159 for a space of â¢fifty feet from the reservoir i.e.Â at the point of its entrance into the City. The 40âpipe: 7Â digits plus 1⁄12Â plus 1⁄24Â plus 3⁄288Â in diameter; 22Â digits plus 5⁄12Â in circumference; it has a capacity ofÂ 32Â quinariae plus Â½Â plus 1⁄12. The water-commissioners, present or future, in any place which is now enclosed about any springs, arches, walls, channels, or conduits, are authorized to have removed, pulled out, dug up, or uprooted, any trees, vines, briars, brambles, banks, fences, willow-thickets, or beds of reeds, so far as they are ready to proceed with justice; and to that end they shall possess the right to bind over, to impose fines, or to restrain the offender; and it shall be their privilege, right, and power to do the same without prejudice. Dr.Â Rushkin's explanation is written for the layperson: it has aÂ few simple equations, and a couple of diagrams, but couldn't be clearer. But our water-men,36 failing to practise the same restraint, have always claimed a part of it to supplement Julia, not, however, thus increasing the actual flow of Julia, since they habitually exhausted it by diverting its waters for their own profit. 33 side-hills 20 Misled apparently by his understanding of "fungantur", he takes the passage to mean that the water commissioners cumulate the offices of street (ambiguously and/or) grain distribution commissioners. "AÂ quinaria was about 5,000 or 6,000 AÂ Roman historian: he died inÂ 21Â A.D. 24 Frontinus's reckoning is as follows: The capacity of a 20âpipe is 167⁄24Â quinariae (cf.Â 46); the capacity of the 100âpipe is 8165⁄144 quinariae (cf.Â 62); the capacity of five 20âpipes, therefore, practically equals that of one 100âpipe. This principle is regularly These are the highest arches, rising at certain points to â¢109Â feet. Its volume is augmented by several tributaries. Bennett is clearly in error here. See map facingÂ p341. Its conduit has a length of â¢22,172 paces, with â¢358 paces on arches. See plan facingÂ p363. It presents a history and description of the water-supply of Rome, including the laws relating to its use and maintenance. 99 Octavian was anxious that the people should be amused by shows and buildings of more than usual splendour, and Agrippa, in his loyalty to the Triumvir, descended from the rank which he had attained as a consular to serve in the inferior office of aedile. 5a 117a The circular digit is 1Â digit in diameter; and measures 7⁄12Â plus 1Â½Â twelfth plus 1⁄72Â of a quinaria in area. How large an amount of water has been stolen in this manner, IÂ estimate by means of the fact that a considerable quantity of lead has been brought in by the removal of that kind of branch pipes. 5b The 12âpipe: 3Â digits in diameter; 9Â digits plus 5⁄12Â plus 3⁄288Â in circumference; it has a capacity ofÂ 5Â quinariae plus Â½Â plus 3⁄12Â plus 3⁄288; is not in use. 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