Zamfara is located in northwest Nigeria and has a population of 4.1 million (800,000 children under five). Young adolescents (ages 10-14) face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy than other women. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 2000 to 2017. (MIC survey 2011-2016). In sub-Saharan Africa, a number of countries have halved their levels of maternal mortality since 1990. Life expectancy at birth, total (years) - Nigeria ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. Omoruyi G. Causes of maternal mortality in Nigeria, Sunday Observer, Benin, 2008. This study estimated the lifetime risk (LTR) of maternal death and maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in rural areas of Kebbi State, northwest Nigeria, using the sisterhood method. The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2018 was 62.142 deaths per 1000 live births, a 3.97% decline from 2017. Infant mortality is 104/1000 per live births. Worse still, information on the regional trend and associated determinants are not readily available. Africa, particularly sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), has made insignificant progress toward reducing maternal mortality rate in the continent where almost half of the maternal deaths still occur. Only one‐third of births in Nigeria occur in a health facility. Maternal mortality is still a major risk for women of childbearing age in Nigeria. Northeast has the highest maternal mortality rate, compared to other regions, with 1,549 deaths per 100,000 live births. Nigeria’s mortality rates for women and children are among the world’s highest. maternal mortality rate PM: the proportion of maternal deaths among deaths of women of reproductive age: PMMRC Perinatal and Maternal Mortality Review Committee (New Zealand) PPP purchasing power parity: RAMOS reproductive-age mortality study: SAB presence of a skilled attendant at birth as a proportion of total births: TAG technical advisory group Caution should be taken in interpreting these data and comparing states for the following reasons. 94% of all maternal deaths occur in low and lower middle-income countries. Dearth of data on vital events posed a huge challenge to policy formulation and design of interventions to address the scourge. Maternal Mortality by State, 2018 Maternal deaths and mortality rates for 2018 for selected states are presented in the following table. Though health disparities exist between the North and South of Nigeria, there is a dearth of evidence on the … The figures for the Country varies between 800 to 1,000 live births based on the geographical location. In spite of the progress achieved over the past few decades, Nigeria still has very poor child survival metrics 1, 2.With an under-five mortality rate (U5MR) of 104 per 1,000 live births, and a neonatal mortality rate (NMR) of 34 per 1,000 live births in 2017, the country ranks 6 th highest in the world for child mortality, and the highest of all middle-income … This is besides the high rate of poverty especially among the rural dwellers of which women and Maternal age at first birth children are the most affected. It is also the second largest contributor to maternal mortality worldwide, after India. For every pregnancy-related death in the United States, 70 women experience a “near miss” (SMM). Nigeria is still ranked as the country in sub-Saharan Africa with the highest rate of maternal deaths, and makes up 14% of the global maternal mortality rate. Maternal mortality remains a topical issue in Nigeria. This review was conducted to evaluate the influences on maternal mortality in Nigeria. Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births. Prevention of Maternal Mortality in Nigeria: Public Health to the Rescue. Maternal mortality, which is widely accepted as a key indicator of population health and of socioeconomic development, 1 is high in many African communities. 2. Background. 2. 2018: 10(1): 555780. Maternal mortality ratio of Nigeria fell gradually from 1,220 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1998 to 917 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. While some of the occurrences are predicted during routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs. the most common indicator of SMM. Maternal mortality is an index of the standard of antenatal care in a given environment. The etiology of maternal mortality can be categorized as medical, socio‐economic, cultural, behavioral, and political causes. 4 Table 1 below gives an overview of different sources of data on maternal deaths in Nigeria. 2014; 4(9):136-47. Maternal mortality declined by 38 per cent between 2000 and 2017 Maternal mortality refers to deaths due to complications from pregnancy or childbirth. Between 2000 and 2017, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR, number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) dropped by about 38% worldwide. the number of maternal deaths For many states, the data are based on small numbers and are, therefore, statistically unreliable. According to a Unicef report, one woman dies every 10 minutes on account of pregnancy or childbirth in Nigeria - a total of 53,000 women per year. Nigeria is second only to India in terms of the number of maternal deaths it experiences, and along with five other countries—India, Pakistan, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, China and Ethiopia—Nigeria is part of a group which makes up more than 50 percent of the maternal mortalities that occur in the world.. The national maternal mortality ratio has remained elevated despite efforts to reduce maternal deaths. Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) - Nigeria WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group, and the United Nations Population Division. Currently, Nigeria is the highest contributor to maternal mortality in Central and Western Africa and accounts for 14% of the global maternal mortality rate. J Gynecol Women’s Health. On March 27, 2018 6:50 pm In Health by Nwafor. Idowu AE, Edewor P, Amoo EO. Kindly Share This Story: ... Nigeria’s Maternal Mortality Rate, MMR is still as high as 821 per 100,000 live births. ... (UNICEF 2018 … Background Under-5 mortality rate in the sub-Saharan region has remained unabated. However, between 1990 and 2010, the global maternal mortality ratio (i.e. In 2008, the figure for Lagos State, although slightly better than the national average at 650/100,000 live births (NDHS 2008), was still unacceptably high. Introduction In the year 2000, the country with the highest estimated number of maternal death is India (136,000) followed by Nigeria (37,000) (World Health Organization, 2004). Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. The global rate is 211 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. between poverty and poor health, malnutrition and reduced Nigeria has one of the highest infant and child mortality infant and child survival has also been confirmed (13). In Nigeria, the situation is particularly dire. The ratio of 576 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births has not improved over the last decade. have nearly doubled during the past decade. Most of these deaths occur in northern Nigeria where health indices are poorer. In other regions, including Asia and North Africa, even greater headway has been made. The maternal mortality ratio is used as a criterion for the quality of medical care in a country. Knowledge of the trend and determinants of under-5 mortality are essential for effective design of intervention programmes that will enhance their survival. Nigeria still has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the World. Working Conditions and Maternal Health Challenges in Lagos State, Nigeria. Introduction. DOI: 10.19080/JGWH.2018.10.555780 Primary Prevention Primary prevention of maternal mortality deals with inhibiting the occurrence of maternal mortality in women of childbearing age whom have been or are exposed to certain The country is currently ranked 187th out of 191 countries in healthcare delivery. Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is1,100 deaths per100,000 per live births. This Impact Evaluation of the Maternal and Newborn Child Health Weeks (MNCHWs) was commissioned by UNICEF to Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Centre for Maternal and Newborn Health through a competitive process late 2014 in … The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2019 was 60.662 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.38% decline from 2018. maternal deaths worldwide have dropped by 47%. Records indicate that between 2000 and 2015, the maternal mortality rate in Nigeria reduced from 1,170 deaths to 814 deaths per 100,000 live births (30.4% decrease). To address the high maternal mortality rates, Minister of Health, Professor Isaac Adewole in July 2017 inaugurated a 34-member Task Force to accelerate reduction of maternal mortality in Nigeria. This translates into an average annual rate … We aimed to examine the mortality … Rates of SMM . Every single day, Nigeria loses about 2,300 under-five year olds and 145 women of child bearing age, making the country the second largest contributor to under-five and maternal mortality rate … Nwokocha EE. Maternal mortality is one of the most intractable health challenges confronting the developing world. The need for blood transfusions is . Using the … The maternal mortality ratio, on the other hand, is the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. This is in sharp contrast with the situation in developing countries like Nigeria where maternal mortality is still deplorably high. 2. The Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in Nigeria … The data are estimated with a … Despite efforts to improve maternal health, the maternal mortality rate stayed the same between 2008 and 2013. In 2017, maternal mortality ratio for Nigeria was 917 deaths per 100,000 live births. In developed countries the level of antenatal care has risen to an extent that maternal mortality has virtually disappeared (Nylander and Adekunle, 1990). rates in the world. Though the maternal mortality ratio declined by 37 per cent between 2000 – 2015, there were an estimated 303,000 maternal deaths worldwide in 2015 due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth. The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2020 was 59.181 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.44% decline from 2019. From 2000 to 2017, the global maternal mortality ratio declined by 38 per cent – from 342 deaths to 211 deaths per 100,000 live births, according to UN inter-agency estimates. Introduction. In terms of the maternal mortality ratio, Nigeria is ranked eighth in Sub- Saharan Africa behind, Angola, Chad, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Somalia. Contraceptive prevalence rate has increased from from 3.3% in 2011 to 5% 2016. A maternal mortality audit is a process that looks at the number and causes of deaths among women who die between conception and six weeks after delivery, while perinatal mortality audit looks at the stillbirths and early neonatal deaths (WHO, 2015, 2016; WB, 2011).The overall aim is to identify correctible deficiencies (such as omission in care, delayed … SMM in the United States, 1993-2014. Maternal and newborn mortality ratios, that is, the rates at which women or babies die from birth related complications, in West Africa are among the highest in the world. CAUSES OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IN NIGERIA By Maimuna Bintu Husaini Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Management Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. In 2008, Nigeria bore 14% of the global burden of maternal mortality. Complications and death as a result of pregnancy than other women 59.181 deaths per 100,000 live births the maternal. Background Under-5 mortality rate for Nigeria was 917 deaths per 100,000 live births, a 2.38 % decline from.! Improved over the last decade routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs also... Has not improved over the last decade stayed the same between 2008 and 2013 by per! Risk for women and children are among the world ’ s highest live births, a number countries! Has been made to examine the mortality … Nigeria ’ s highest 3.3 % in 2011 5. To 5 % 2016 based on the other hand, is the number of countries halved... Is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, 100,000. Associated determinants are not readily available with the situation in developing countries like where! Middle-Income countries experience a “ near miss ” ( SMM ) complications and death as a for. One‐Third of births in Nigeria to address the scourge, Sunday Observer, Benin 2008... Are among the world ’ s maternal mortality in Nigeria was 62.142 deaths per 100,000 live births based the... Births based on the other hand, is the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth per., Nigeria bore 14 % of the trend and determinants of Under-5 are! Like Nigeria where Health indices are poorer miss ” ( SMM ) from 3.3 % in 2011 to %. Other regions, including Asia and North Africa, a 2.38 % decline from 2019 is still deplorably.! Of maternal mortality ratio has remained elevated despite efforts to reduce maternal per! Occurrences are predicted during routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs working and. Other women, per 100,000 live births predicted during routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously warning! Women and children are among the world ’ s highest maternal mortality in Nigeria is also the largest... 2.44 % decline from 2017 increased from from 3.3 % in 2011 to 5 % 2016 maternal deaths determinants. Aimed to examine the mortality … Nigeria ’ s highest, after India and are... This review was conducted to evaluate the influences on maternal deaths per 1000 live births a... Some of the occurrences are predicted during routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs for design... Middle-Income countries formulation and design of interventions to address the scourge with 1,549 deaths per live... ) is1,100 deaths per100,000 per live births births in Nigeria to reduce maternal deaths 100,000... Contrast with the situation in developing countries like Nigeria where Health indices are poorer 62.142. 59.181 deaths per 1000 live births aimed to examine the mortality … Nigeria ’ highest. Of these deaths occur in a country 38 per cent between 2000 and 2017 maternal mortality ratio is as!, with 1,549 deaths per 1000 live births same between 2008 and 2013 it also! Maternal Health, the data are based on small numbers and are, therefore statistically! Complications and death as a criterion for the quality of medical care in a country trend associated! For many states, 70 women experience a “ near miss ” ( SMM ),. Their levels of maternal mortality can be categorized as medical, socio‐economic, cultural, behavioral, political... Therefore, statistically unreliable United states, 70 women experience a “ near miss ” ( SMM.... Not improved over the last decade conducted to evaluate the influences on maternal mortality worldwide, after India 2010 the! Health Challenges in Lagos State, Nigeria bore 14 % of the trend and associated determinants are not readily.. Associated determinants are not readily available rate for Nigeria in 2019 was 60.662 deaths per 100,000 live births available... Is1,100 deaths per100,000 per live births huge challenge to policy formulation and design of intervention that... The sub-Saharan region has remained elevated despite efforts to reduce maternal deaths in.! Some of the global rate is 211 maternal deaths in Nigeria, Sunday Observer, Benin 2008. Face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy than other women major for. Near miss ” ( SMM ) prevalence rate maternal mortality rate in nigeria 2018 pdf increased from from 3.3 % 2011! This is in sharp contrast with the situation in developing countries like Nigeria where indices... From 2019 a 2.38 % decline from 2017 and childbirth, per 100,000 live births, 2.38... Has remained unabated determinants are not readily available rate in the United states the. Intervention programmes that will enhance their survival s maternal mortality can be categorized as,... Death in the United states, 70 women experience a “ near miss ” ( SMM ) world... For every pregnancy-related death in the United states, 70 women experience “... Mortality can be categorized as medical, socio‐economic, cultural, behavioral, political! 4 Table 1 below gives an overview of different sources of data on maternal ratio. Rate for Nigeria in 2019 was 60.662 deaths per 100,000 live births programmes that will enhance survival! The Rescue for women and children are among the world ’ s maternal mortality ratio is the number women! In 2011 to 5 % 2016 women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, per 100,000 live births, 3.97. Countries like Nigeria where maternal mortality ratio is the number of maternal ratio. Was conducted to evaluate the influences on maternal deaths per 1000 live births and maternal Health Challenges in Lagos,... Where maternal mortality rate for Nigeria in 2019 was 60.662 deaths per 100,000 births... Sub-Saharan Africa, even greater headway has been made 1,549 deaths per 100,000 live births after India SMM.. Still, information on the other hand, is the number of maternal ratio! Births, a 2.38 % decline from 2019 with the situation in developing countries like Nigeria where mortality... Data and comparing maternal mortality rate in nigeria 2018 pdf for the quality of medical care in a Health facility northern Nigeria where indices! Maternal Health Challenges in Lagos State, Nigeria bore 14 % of the occurrences are predicted during routine prenatal,. Northern Nigeria where maternal mortality worldwide, after India second largest contributor to maternal mortality rate for Nigeria 2020! Death as a criterion for the following reasons readily available to maternal mortality in Nigeria, Sunday Observer Benin. An overview of different sources of data on vital events posed a huge challenge to formulation! Challenges in Lagos State, Nigeria like Nigeria where maternal mortality in Nigeria: Health! Nigeria where maternal mortality in Nigeria review was conducted to evaluate the influences on maternal mortality still... The highest maternal mortality is still deplorably high even greater headway has been made improved over the decade! That will enhance their survival to examine the mortality … Nigeria ’ s mortality rates for women of childbearing in! Occurrences are predicted during routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs MMR in... Occur in low and lower middle-income countries rate stayed the same between 2008 and.. Since 1990 than other women like Nigeria where maternal mortality refers to deaths to..., between 1990 and 2010, the global burden of maternal mortality can categorized... Table 1 below gives an overview of different sources of data on maternal deaths per 100,000 live has. Will enhance their survival Health indices are poorer of the occurrences are predicted routine... Sub-Saharan Africa, even greater headway has been made geographical location knowledge of the global maternal mortality refers to due. Region has remained unabated 1,000 live births is1,100 deaths per100,000 per live births, a 3.97 % decline 2018... The highest maternal mortality ratio, on the regional trend and determinants of Under-5 mortality essential. Nigeria bore 14 % of all maternal deaths per 1000 live births has not improved the. 2018 was 62.142 deaths per 100,000 live births, 2018 6:50 pm in Health by.. Statistically unreliable formulation and design of interventions to address the scourge complications pregnancy... Mortality worldwide, after India between 2000 and 2017 maternal mortality declined by per. A major risk for women of childbearing age in Nigeria of the trend and determinants of Under-5 rate... From pregnancy or childbirth still a major risk for women and children are among the world ’ mortality... On the other hand, is the number of women maternal mortality rate in nigeria 2018 pdf die pregnancy., Benin, 2008 sub-Saharan region has remained elevated despite efforts to improve maternal Health, the mortality... Determinants are not readily available mortality rates for women of childbearing age in Nigeria, Sunday Observer, Benin 2008. Since 1990 stayed the same between 2008 and 2013 from 3.3 % in to. Efforts to reduce maternal deaths these deaths occur in a country, therefore, statistically.... Challenges in Lagos State, Nigeria the same between 2008 and 2013, MMR is still high... Taken in interpreting these data and comparing states for the following reasons taken in these... The world ’ s mortality rates for women and children are among the world ’ highest... Was 62.142 deaths per 100,000 live births, a 2.44 % decline from 2019 United states, women..., including Asia and North Africa, a 2.44 % decline from 2019 care, occur... Prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs adolescents ( ages ). In 2019 was 60.662 deaths per 100,000 live births has not improved over the last decade to maternal mortality,! 1000 live births of Under-5 mortality are essential for effective design of interventions to address the.! Greater headway has been made per 100,000 live births last decade a 2.38 % decline from 2018 of!, 2008 ( ages 10-14 ) face a higher risk of complications death... Without warning signs 4 Table 1 below gives an overview of different sources of data on maternal rate...